“Permaculture is a sustainable design system stressing the harmonious interrelationship of humans, plants, animals and the Earth. The core of permaculture is design and the working relationships and connections between all things” (Bill Mollison).
Or as David Holmgren once said, permaculture is common sense, which isn’t common anymore.
Permaculture was developed in the 1970s by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in Tasmania. It provides us with a clear framework of ethics and principles which act as ‘guiding stars’ for practitioners, a checklist to make sure you’re on the right track. The crucial bit is that you can’t pick and choose which ones you follow; to create a healthy system you need to follow all of them. You can hear David Holmgren provide a great introduction to them in this short youtube clip.
Good books to read to get a feel for permaculture…
- Introduction to Permaculture, Bill Mollison
- Earth Users Guide to Permaculture, Rosemary Morrow
- The Permaculture Home Garden, Linda Woodrow
- Permaculture Designer’s Manual, Bill Mollison
- Pathways and Principles Beyond Sustainability, David Holmgren
- One Straw Revolution, Masanobu Fukuoka
- Edible Forest Gardens: VI & II, Dave Jacke
- Permaculture Design, Aranya
Image from www.permacultureprinciples.com